Introduction to Surgical Technology
08/23/2010 - 12/12/2010
MTWF 08:00 - 09:00
MTWF 08:00 - 09:00
MTWF 08:00 - 09:00
MTW 09:00 - 10:00
MTW 09:00 - 10:00
MTW 09:00 - 10:00
No office hours have been entered for this term
The focus of this course is on the fundamentals of surgical technology. The practices associated with aseptic technique and working within the sterile field are of particular importance. Orientation to surgical technology theory, surgical pharmacology and anesthesia, and patient care concepts are included in the focus of this course.
Phillips, Nancymarie. Berry and Kohn’s Operating Room Technique (11th ed.)
F.A Davis. Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary.
Tighe, S. Instrumentation for the Operating Room.
History of Surgery Healthcare Facilities and Organizations
Job Descriptions and Team Roles OR Physical Environment
Case Cart and OR prep Cultural Diversity
Ethical / Legal The surgical patient
Interpersonal Skills Periop stages and Procedures
Patient Identification and transport Role of Circulator and Scrub
Syringes OR Bed
Positioning Standard Precautions and other concerns
Prepping Procedural and Post-op Routines
Urinary Catheterization Hemostasis
Blood Replacement Vital Signs
Anesthesia Surgical Pharmacology
Malignant Hyperthermia Packs, Drains, Dressings
Student Learning Outcomes/Learning Objectives
History of Surgery
The learner will identify how modern surgery evolved from the dark ages.
- Identify key events and historical figures contributing to the development of modern surgery
- Provide a general description of modern surgery.
Healthcare Facilities and Organizations
The student will identify the different types of health care facilities.
The student will outline a typical administrative structure for surgical services.
- Identify and define the various types of health care facilities.
- Discuss the organizational chart for the operating room
Job Description and Team Roles
The student will identify and differentiate the various roles in surgery.
- Describe the AST job description for a surgical technologist.
- Identify members and state the role of each surgical team member.
O.R. Physical Environment
The learner will be able to describe and discuss the physical layout of the surgery suite.
- Describe the layout of a typical O.R.
- Identify “piped-in” systems in the O.R.
- Identify the proper ranges for temperature and humidity in the O.R.
Surgical Patient; Ethical and Legal Issues
The learner will identify and define Ethics and other legal terms.
- Define ethics and morality.
- Identify and discuss O.R. situations that could result in ethical conflict.
Perioperative Stages and Procedures
The learner will be able to assist in the perioperative checking of the patient and chart.
The learner will understand the paperwork and laboratory tests included.
- Identify the perioperative phases of patient care.
- Describe the basic tasks relative to each phase.
- Identify common diagnostic procedures.
- State appropriate use of common diagnostic procedures.
- Identify diagnostic procedures used in the O.R.
- Discuss content and legalities pertaining to the surgical consent.
Patient Identification and Transportation
The learner will describe the identification process for surgical patients.
The learner will identify, describe, and demonstrate the principles of transportation of the surgical patient.
- State the purpose of patient identification.
- Demonstrate the identification process for a surgical patient admitted to the surgical suite.
- Identify the methods of patient transportation and give examples of the use of each.
- Demonstrate the principles of safe transportation of a patient for each method.
The Role of the Circulator
The learner will describe the application of thermoregulatory devices.
The learner will discuss the importance of documentation.
- Identify types, and indications for, of thermoregulatory devices
- Identify the proper language for documentation.
The learner will be able to identify and operate the functions of the O.R. bed.
The learner will identify the names and functions of various types of accessory
equipment and demonstrate care, handling, and assembly.
- Name and explain the functions of common types of accessory surgical equipment.
- Demonstrate placement of the necessary appliances and preparation of each device for use.
- Identify the positioning aids commonly used with the O.R. bed.
- Describe the procedure for altering the bed positions.
The learner will discuss surgical positions as it correlates with surgical procedures.
The learner will discuss aids necessary in positioning.
The learner will discuss considerations for each position.
The learner will be able to position patient for surgical procedure
- Demonstrate the proper position for the various surgical positions.
- Identify positioning aids and their proper applications.
- Identify considerations for each surgical position.
The learner will be able to identify proper precautions relating to disease process.
The learner will identify common concerns for the operating room.
- Define pathogens.
- Discuss HIV, AIDS, TB, HepB, and STD’s.
- Identify precautions taken routinely.
- Identify special precautions taken for specific disease processes.
- Identify common safety concerns for the operating room.
The learner will be able to prepare the operative site for surgery.
- State the purpose of skin preparation.
- Identity time and place for surgical prep.
- Describe and demonstrate a surgical prep.
The learner will explain the principles of urinary catheterization and demonstrate the
- List indications for urinary catheterization.
- Identification of equipment necessary.
- Compare, contrast and perform male and female catheterization.
Hemostasis and Blood Replacement
The learner will discuss methods of hemostasis and blood replacement and will
demonstrate the preparation and use of appropriate agents/devices.
- Define hemostasis.
- Demonstrate handling of hemostatic agents.
- Describe ways that blood loss is monitored.
- Discuss ways of achieving hemostasis.
- Discuss autotransfusion and related terminology.
- Identify various blood products available.
The learner will be able to identify and discuss the various types of shock.
- Define “shock”.
- Identify complications that arise from shock.
- Define the various types of shock.
- Discuss symptoms of shock.
- Identify management procedures for shock.
Anesthesia and Surgical Pharmacology
The learner will be able to discuss the various types of anesthetic approaches, including advantages and disadvantages of each.
- Identify the various types of anesthetic approaches.
- Identify the selection factors and correlate the surgical procedure to the anesthetic approach.
The learner will be able to identify a malignant hyperthermia crisis.
- Define malignant hyperthermia.
- Discuss the symptoms of MH.
- Identity actions taken upon diagnosis of MH crisis.
The learner will compare and contrast verbal and non-verbal communication.
The learner will define and discuss teamwork.
The learner will define and discuss surgical conscious and O.R. etiquette.
- Define communication.
- Define language.
- Discuss perception.
- Identify team members in a “team”.
- Define surgical conscious.
- Describe O.R. etiquette.
Packs, Drains, Dressings and Specimens
The learner will be able to assist/perform application of packing, drains/reservoirs, and dressings.
The learner will be able to care for the surgical specimen appropriately.
- Name the various types of packs, drains/reservoirs, and dressing supplies.
- Demonstrate the care of these items.
- Demonstrate application of these items.
- Identify the various types of specimens.
- Identify care of the various types of specimens.
The learner will accurately assess and document vital signs.
- Define blood pressure and identify normal values for blood pressure.
- Identify pulse points and the normal values for pulse rate.
- Identify means of assessing respiration rate and the normal values for respiration rate.