Institutional Pharmacy Practice

Institutional Pharmacy Practice


Fall 2010
08/23/2010 - 12/12/2010

Course Information

Section 001
TTh 18:00 - 18:55
EVC9 9227
Veronica Velasquez

Section 001
TTh 19:00 - 20:15
EVC9 9223
Veronica Velasquez

Office Hours

No office hours have been entered for this term

Course Requirements



                         Lecture = 50% of grade                  Laboratory = 50% of grade

                         Exam #1  30%                                   Lab Assignments  20%

                         Exam #2  30%                                   Training Lab Quizzes 25%

                         Drug Reports 10%                           Order Highlighting Assignments  15%

                        Quizzes (4) 20%                                 Midterm Lab Exam 20%

                        Blackboard Assignments  10%      Final Lab Exam 20%


A passing grade (75% or better) is required in both lecture and lab components of the course in order to receive a passing grade for this course. 


A minimum passing grade of 75% is required in order to receive a passing grade for the course.

A: 90 – 100%        B: 80 – 89%          C: 75 – 79%          D: 60 – 74%          F: 59% and below



 To receive an “I,” a student must have a passing average (75% or better) and have completed at least 80% of the course work. The student will NOT be permitted to register for PHRA 2266 (Pharmacy Practicum) until the course has been completed.

  Promotion, Failure, and/or Dismissal from the Department 

A minimum grade of "C" (75%) is required in both lecture and laboratory components of all pharmacy technician courses.  If a student fails either component of a combined lecture/lab course, the final grade posted will be that of the failed portion of the course.

Any student may be withdrawn from the program due to excessive absences and/or consistently failing to meet class assignments, for disruptive conduct during lecture or lab, or for displaying conduct detrimental to the ethics of a Pharmacy Technician.

The student may utilize the approved Student Grievance Procedure of Austin Community College as detailed in the ACC Student Handbook in the disposition of a grievance or complaint without fear of recrimination or retaliation as a result of filing a grievance.

The Pharmacy Technician faculty and staff understand that learning in group-situations can be beneficial. Some assignments will involve group participation; however, each student is expected to demonstrate his/her own competency by doing his/her own work. Any student caught cheating on examinations or other assignments will be subject to disciplinary action, including academic penalty and possible withdrawal from the program.





Pharmacy Practice for Technicians, Fourth Edition– Ballington and Anderson (ISBN 978-0-76383-460-9)

Pharmacy Labs for Technicians- Sparks and McCartney (ISBN 978-0-76383-484-5)

EVC, RGC Book Store

Course Subjects

Principles of Pharmacy Practice

The Profession of Pharmacy

Pharmacy Law, Regulations, and Standards

Pharmacology in Practice

Dosage Forms and Routes of Administration

Pharmaceutical Measurement s and Calculations

Nonsterile Pharmaceutical Compounding

Institutional Pharmacy

Hospital Pharmacy Practice

Infection Control

Preparing and Handling Sterile Products and Hazardous Drugs

Professionalism in the Pharmacy

Medication Safety

Human Relations and Communication

Your Future in Pharmacy Practice 

Student Learning Outcomes/Learning Objectives


End of Course Outcomes

Demonstrate a working knowledge of the health care institution and pharmacy department and the organizational and communication systems; utilize medical and pharmaceutical terminology; describe the importance of environmental safety standards, pharmacy safety, and personal safety and hygiene; specify routes of administration including mechanical, automatic, or robotic drug delivery systems; explain the importance of utilizing pharmacy resource materials; and outline the major functions of pharmacy supply and inventory control.


Learning Objectives

Describe the origins of pharmacy.

Differentiate among the various kinds of pharmacies.

Describe four stages of development of the pharmacy profession in the twentieth century.

Enumerate the functions of the pharmacist.

Discuss the educational curriculum for today’s pharmacy student.

Discuss the main objectives of the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists (ASHP) model curriculum for pharmacy technician training.

Explain the licensing requirements for pharmacists.

Identify the duties and work environments of the pharmacy technician.

Distinguish among laws, regulations, professional standards, and ethics.

List and describe the major impacts on the profession of pharmacy by major pieces of statutory federal drug law in the twentieth century.

Discuss the role of the Food and Drug Administration, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the United States Pharmacopeial Convention, and the national and state boards of pharmacy.

Enumerate the duties that may legally be performed by pharmacy technicians in most states.

Discuss the importance of drug and professional standards.

Define the term drug and distinguish between active and inert ingredients.

Identify several scientific discoveries of medications that improved our quality and quantity of life.

Categorize drugs by source as natural, synthetic, synthesized, or semisynthetic.

Explain the uses of drugs as therapeutic, pharmacodynamic, diagnostic, prophylactic, and destructive agents.

Explain the parts of the National Drug Code Number (NDC).

Define and differentiate between the terms dosage form and route of administration.

Enumerate and explain the properties of solid, semisolid, liquid, inhalation, and transdermal dosage forms.

Differentiate among the various delayed-release dosage formulations.

List the major routes of administration and the advantages and disadvantages associated with each route of administration.

Discuss correct techniques for administration of injections.

Describe four systems of measurement commonly used in pharmacy, and convert units from one system to another.

Explain the meanings of the prefixes most commonly used in metric measurement.

Convert from one metric unit to another (e.g., grams to milligrams).

Convert Roman numerals to Arabic numerals.

Convert time to 24 hour military time.

Convert temperatures to and from the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales.

Round decimals up and down.

Perform basic operations with proportions, including identifying equivalent ratios and finding an unknown quantity in a proportion.

Convert percentages to and from fractions, ratios, and decimals.

Perform fundamental dosage calculations and conversions.

Solve problems involving powder solutions and dilutions.

Use the alligation method to prepare solutions.

Calculate the specific gravity of a liquid.

Define the term compounding, describe common situations in which compounding is required, and identify examples of nonsterile compounding.

Review and follow good compounding practices in the pharmacy.

Distinguish terminology, such as manufactured product vs. compounded preparation.

Describe the classifications and functions of a hospital and the role of the director Identify quality standards for nonsterile compounding contained in USP Chapter 795, including product selection and beyond-use or expiration dating.

Distinguish the components and purpose of a master control record from a compounding log.

Understand and calculate common mathematical problems that occur in a compounding pharmacy.

Identify and describe the equipment used for the weighing, measuring, and compounding of pharmaceuticals.

Explain the proper technique for weighing pharmaceutical ingredients, measuring liquid volumes, and compounding nonsterile preparations.

Define the term percentage of error and understand how the concept relates to accuracy in the compounding pharmacy.

Explain the common methods used for comminution and blending of pharmaceutical ingredients.

Discuss the techniques by which solutions, suspensions, ointments, creams, powders, suppositories, and capsules are prepared.

Identify the steps that are necessary in the compounding process.

Identify references with a specialty focus on compounding.

Describe the classifications and functions of a hospital and the role of the director of pharmacy.

Identify services that are unique to a hospital pharmacy in contrast to a community pharmacy.

Contrast a medication order with a unit dose profile.

Identify the advantages of a unit dose drug distribution system.

Explain the proper procedure for repackaging of medications.

Identify the process of medication dispensing and filling in a hospital pharmacy.

Discuss the advantages of an automated floor stock system for medication, including narcotics.

Describe specialty services, such as intravenous admixtures and total parenteral nutrition.

Describe a medication administration record (MAR).

Identify the roles of major hospital committees.

Describe the role of the institutional review board (IRB) in approving investigational drug studies.

Explain the major role and standards of the Joint Commission.

Discuss the role of automation and inventory control in the hospital

Explain the role of pathogenic organisms in causing disease.

Distinguish among bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of various forms of sterilization.

Identify sources and prevention of common causes of contamination.

Discuss the importance of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines on preventing the transmission of infectious disease within the hospital.

Contrast hand washing and hand hygiene practices when in a sterile work environment.

Discuss the importance of vaccinations for healthcare workers.

Contrast a manufactured sterile product with expiration dating vs. a compounded sterile preparation (CSP) with beyond-use dating according to USP Chapter 797 guidelines.

Identify procedures to minimize airborne contamination with CSPs.

Apply contamination risk level designations and appropriate beyond-use dating for CSPs.

Identify the role of the infection control committee.

List common universal precautions to protect hospital employees.

Identify two common methods of delivering IV preparations.

Describe common characteristics of intravenous solutions including, solubility, osmolality, and ph.

Identify common vehicles for intravenous solutions.

Identify the difference between large volume and small volume Parenteral solutions.

Discuss the preparation of TPN, frozen products, and closed system transfer devices (CSTDs). Differentiate expiration dating and beyond-use dating.

Identify the role and function of equipment used in IV preparation and administration, including catheters, controllers, syringes, needles, IV sets, and filters.

Identify the components of an intravenous administration set.

Calculate intravenous flow rates.

Discuss the importance of quality assurance.

Understand the extent of medical and medication errors and their effects on patient health and safety.

Identify specific categories of medication errors.

List examples of medication errors commonly seen in pharmacy practice settings.

Apply a systematic evaluation to search for medication error potential to a pharmacy practice model.

Define strategies, including use of automation, for preventing medication errors.

Identify the common systems available for reporting medication errors.

Explain the role of the pharmacy technician as a member of the customer care team in a pharmacy.

State the primary rule of retail merchandising.

Identify and discuss desirable personal characteristics of a pharmacy technician.

Identify the importance of verbal and nonverbal communication skills.

Provide guidelines for proper use of the telephone in a pharmacy.

Identify and resolve linguistic and cultural differences in working with a customer.

Identify and resolve problems related to mental and physical disabilities in working with a customer.

Define discrimination and harassment, and explain the proper procedures for dealing with these issues.

Identify examples of professionalism in the pharmacy.

Explain the importance of managing change and being a team player in the pharmacy.

Explain the appropriate responses to rude behavior on the part of others in a workplace situation.

Define the role of pharmacy personnel in emergency situations in the community.

Identify and discuss the important areas of the regulations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

Discuss the importance of protecting patient privacy in the pharmacy.

Define and differentiate the terms licensure, certification, and registration.

Define ethics and discuss characteristics of ethical behavior.

Identify ethical dilemmas that may occur in pharmacy practice.